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Leif Ericsson

Leif Ericsson was a Viking, the son of Eric the Red, a Norwegian outlaw, who was the son of another Norwegian outlaw, Thorvald Asvaldsson. His mother was Thjodhild. His father had started two Norse colonies, the Western Settlement and the Eastern Settlement, in Greenland which he had named. During a stay in Norway, Leif was converted to Christianity (like many Norse around that time). When he returned to Greenland, he bought the boat of Bjarni Herjˇlfsson and set out to explore the land that Bjarni had found.

The saga of the Greenlanders tells that Leif set out about 1000 to follow Bjarni's route in the opposite direction. The first land he met was covered with flat rock slabs (Icelandic:hellur). He therefore called it Helluland (land of the flat stones), which is probably the present day Baffin Island. Next he came to a land that was flat and wooded, with white sandy beaches, which he called Markland (woodland), which is assumed to have been Labrador.

When they found land again, Leif and his men landed and built some houses. They found the land pleasant: There was plenty of salmon in the river, and the climate was mild, with little frost in the winter and the grass remaining green. They remained at the place over the winter.

The sagas mention that one of Leif's men, Tyrkir, a German, found grapes. Leif named the country Vínland after it. On the return voyage, Leif rescued a Norse castaway, which gained him the nickname 'Leif the Lucky'.

There is discussion as to the location of Leif's Vinland. Many believe that the Norse settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows was Leif's colony, but others argue that it must have been more southernly, since grapes do not grow as far north as Newfoundland.

Another saga, Eirik the Red's saga tells that it was actually Leif who discovered the American lands, while returning from Norway to Greenland in 1000 or thereabouts, but does not state an attempt of his to settle there.

However, the saga of the Greenlanders is nowadays considered to be the more reliable of the two. As far as known, Leif Ericsson had two brothers, Thorvald and Thorstein, and one sister, Freydis. He married Thorgunna and had one son, named Thorgils.\n