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Legio II Italica

Legio II Italica, meaning from Italy, was a Roman legion levied by emperor Marcus Aurelius in 165 AD together with Legio I Italica at a time when the Roman Empire was fighting both in Germania and in Parthia. There are still records of the II Italica in Noricum in the beginning of the 5th century AD. The legion symbol is a she-wolf and the twins Romulus and Remus.

The legion main theatre of operations was the Roman province of Noricum, in the south margin of the Danube, where Germanic incursions were frequent. In 180 AD II Italica was stationed in Lauriacum, modern Lorch.

In 193 AD, II Italica marched into Rome with Septimius Severus, then fighting for power. The new emperor awarded them the title of Fidelis (loyal) to acknowledge the support. Later Septimius Severus would use II Italica against the rebellions of Pescinnius Niger and Clodius Albinus, and in his Parthian campaigns.

In the 3rd century, support of the legions was a crucial demand for candidates to the throne. Well aware of this fact, Gallienus granted II Italica the cognomina of VII Pia VII Fidelis (seven times faithful, seven times loyal) to secure their continuing support.

See also: List of Roman legions, Roman legion

External link account of Legio II Italica