Le Bateau-LavoirLe Bateau-Lavoir
was a squalid block of buildings in Montmartre
situated at 13 Rue Ravignan (Place Emile Goudeau). The place
is famous because at the turn of the 20th century
a group of outstanding
lived and rented artistic studios there.
First artists started to settle at the Bateau-Lavoir in the 1890s
they started to move elsewhere (mainly Montparnasse
The name of the place means the laundry-boat because it resembled
boats of laundry women.
Indisputably the most famous resident of the place was Pablo Picasso
(1904-1909). He reputedly invented cubism there and painted one of his finest works Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.
Other well-known artists who lived in the Bateau-Lavoir:
At that time the tenement house was a meeting place of a lot of prominent figures of artistic avant-garde, like Guillaume Apollinaire
, Georges Braque
, Henri Matisse
, Jean Cocteau
, Gertrude Stein
and others. According to his daughter, Jeanne, while living there Amedeo Modigliani
one night in an alcoholic rage destroyed a number of his friends paintings.
In 1908 a celebration banquet for Henri Rousseau was organized in Picasso's studio in the Bateau-Lavoir.
See also: La Ruche, in Montparnasse, Paris.