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Latin names of European cities

Until the Modern Era, Latin was the common language for scholarship and mapmaking. During the 19th and 20th centuries, German scholars in particular have made significant contributions to the study of historical place names, or Ortsnamenkunde. These studies have, in turn, contributed to the study of Genealogy. For genealogists and historians of pre-Modern Europe, knowing alternate names of places is vital to extracting information from both public and private records. Even specialists in this field point out, however, that the information can be easily taken out of context, since there is a great deal of repetition of place-names throughout Europe; reliance purely on apparent connections should therefore be tempered with valid historical methodology. One caveat that must be observed, however, is that even Latin place-names are not always exclusive to one place -- for example, there were several Roman cities whose names began with Colonia and then a more descriptive term. During the Middle Ages, these were often shortened to just Colonia. One of these, Colonia Agrippinensis, retains the name today in the form of Cologne.

This list includes Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, and Kurdistan northwest of Arbil,

This list excludes Abkhazia, Azerbaijan, Britain, Channel Islands, Chechnya, Dagestan, Faeroe Islande, Iceland, Ireland, Kazakhstan, and Tatarstan.

The following table begins to offer equivalents to more modern place-names.

Following is a List of Cities stating the Latin and equivalent English name (s)

LatinEnglish Name, [(other name(s))] or [older name(s)], [province], [state]
AbellinumAvellino (E of Naples)
Aberdonia, AberdoniumAberdeen, Scotland
AboaTurku, Finland
Abritum, AbrittusRazgrad, Bulgaria
AbruttusAbrud, Romania
AcaunumSaint-Maurice, Valais, Switzerland
Acharnae¹Acharnes, (Acharnae) Menidi, Greece
AdrianopolisEdirne, Turkey
AegyssusTulcea, Romania
AeminiumCoimbra, Portugal
Aquisgrana, Aquis Granum, Aquae Grani, Aquensis urbs, Granis aquaeAachen (Aix-la-Chapelle)
Ad FinesPfyn, Thurgau, Switzerland
Ad MediamBăile Herculane, Romania
Ad PirumHrušica
Ad MediamMehadia, Romania
Ad StomaBretcu, Romania
Aegida, Capris, Caput HistriaeKoper, Slovenia
AeginaAegina, Greece
AgrigentumAgrigento, Italy
Agrinium¹Agrinio/Agrinion, Greece
(Colonia Claudia) Ara AgrippinensiumCologne (Köln), Germany
AlbintimiliumVentimiglia
AlbonaLabin
Albunrnus MaiorRosia Montana, Romania
Alexandropolis¹Alexandroupolis, Greece
Almyrus¹Almyros some pref. Almyrus, Greece
AlostumAalst
AltinumOltina, Romania
AmaliaÅmål, Sweden
AmivadumAmersfoort
AmmurianumMurano, Italy
AmpelumZlatna, Romania
Amphilochia¹Amphilochia, Greece
Amphipolis¹Amphipolis, Greece
Amphissa¹Amphissa, Amfissa, Greece
AncyraAnkara, Turkey
AnderlacumAnderlecht, Belgium
AngustiaRasnov, Romania
AntunacumAndernach
ApuaniaMassa Carrara
ApulumAlba Iulia, Romania
ArrubiumMacin, Romania
Aqua VillaeBadenweiler, Germany
Aquae FlaviaeChaves, Portugal
Aquae HelveticaeBaden, Aargau, Switzerland
Aquilia in Vestinis, AquiliaL'Aquila, Italy
AquincumBudapest, Hungary
Arae FlaviaeRottweil, Germany
ArandisGarvão,Ourique, Portugal
Arbor FelixArbon, Thurgau, Switzerland
Arca CaesareaArqa, Lebanon
ArcidavaVaradia, Romania
ArconisiumRacconigi
ArdeaArdea
ArelateArles
ArenacumArnhem, Netherlands
ArgentoratumStrasbourg, France
Argos¹Argos, Greece
AriminumRimini, Italy
ArutelaCalimanesti, Romania
AssindriaEssen
Asturica AugustaAstorga
AtalantaAtalante (Atalanta), Greece
AternumPescara, Italy
Athenae¹Athens, Greece
AtransTrojane, Slovenia
AtrebatumArras
AtuatucaTongeren, Belgium
AugustaAugusta
Augusta ArgentorateStrasbourg
Augusta PerusiaPerugia, Italy
Augusta Praetoria SalassorumAosta, Italy
Augusta RauricaKaiseraugst (Augst), Switzerland
Augusta TaurinorumTurin, Italy
Augusta TreverorumTrier (Treves), Germany
Augusta VindelicorumAugsburg, Germany
AureliaOrléans
Aurelia AquensiBaden-Baden, Germany
AventicumAvenches, Vaud, Switzerland
AviariumAveiro, Portugal
Badena civitasBaden, Germany
BaetuloBadalona, Catalonia, Spain
Balsawest of Tavira, Portugal
BangertiumBangor, England
BarcinoBarcelona, Catalonia, Spain
BariumBari, Italy
Basilia, BasileaBasel, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland
Batavis, Castra Batavorum, Castra BatavaPassau, Germany
BenacusGarda
BeneventumBenevento
BerolinumBerlin, Germany
BerroeaVerroia, Berrea, Greece
BerytusBeirut (Bayrut), Lebanon
BerzobisBerzovia, Romania
Bobium, EboviumBobbio, Italy
BonnaBonn, Germany
BorbetomagusWorms, Germany
BoreanaBurano
Bracara AugustaBraga, Portugal
BremaBremen, Germany
Brestum, Brestia, Brivates PortisBrest
BrienzolaBrienz, Switzerland
BrigantiumBregenz, Austria
BrigetioKomárom-Szöny, Hungary
BrundisiumBrindisi
BrunsvicumBraunschweig (Brunswick), Germany
BrixiaBrescia, Italy
BurdigalaBordeaux, France
Caesar AugustaSaragossa
CalatisMangalia, Romania
CalcariaTadcaster
CalisiaKalisz, Poland
CallatisMangalia, Romania
CalmariaKalmar, Sweden
CambodunumKempten, Germany
CapuaSanta Maria di Capua Vetere, Italy
CaralisCagliari
Carnium, CarnioburgumKranj, Slovenia
Caroli CoronaKarlskrona, Sewden
Carolina VetusGamla Karleby, Sweden
CarsiumHârşova, Romania
Carthago NovaCartagena
Carystus¹Carystos/Carystus, Greece
CassoviaKošice, Slovakia
CastraAjdovščina, Slovenia
Castra ReginaRegensburg, Germany
Castrum NovaesiumNeuss, Germany
Catalaunum, CatelaunorumChalons-sur-Marne, France
CeleiaCelje, Slovenia
Cenchreae¹Kechries, some prefer Cenchreae (near Corinth), Greece
Centum CellaeCivitavecchia
Chalcis¹Chalkida (Chalkis, Euboea, Greece
Christinae portusKristinehamn, Sweden
ChristianiaKristianstad, Sweden
CibinumSibiu, Sibiu (county), Romania
Civitas KielcensisKielce
Civitas Sancti RomuliSanremo, Sancti Remi, San Remu, San Remo
Civitas VictoriosaBirgu, Malta
ClagenfurtumKlagenfurt (Celovec), Austria
CliviaKleve, Germany
ConimbrigaCondeixa-a-Nova, South of todays Coimbra, Portugal
Colonia Ulpia Traiana, SarmizegethusaUlpia Traiana, Romania
Colonia Ulpia Traiana, VeteraXanten, Germany
ComaromiumKomárno, Slovakia
(Castellum apud) ConfluentesKoblenz, Germany
ConstantinopolisIstanbul, Turkey
CopingaKöping, Sweden
Corcyra³Corfu, Greece
CordubaCordóba
Corinthus¹Corinth, Greece
CoroniaLandskrona, Sweden
CostancConstance
CracoviaKrakow, Poland
CuriaChur, Graubünden, Switzerland
DalecarliaDalarna, Sweden
DalecarliusDalälven, Sweden
DamascusDamascus, (Dimashq) Syria
Dantiscum, Gedanum, GedaniaGdansk, Danzig
Damma, DammumDamme, Belgium
DamovillaDamville
Delphi¹Delphi, Greece
DevaChester, United Kingdom
DertusaTortosa, Catalonia, Spain
DiadoraZadar, Croatia
DiernaOrsova, Romania
Diniensium civitasDigne
DiocleaPodgorica, Serbia and Montenegro
DiviniumDevin in Bratislava, Slovakia
DivioDijon, France
Dodona¹Dodona, Greece
Dorylaeumnear Eskisehir, Turkey
DresdaDresden, Germany
DrobetaDrobeta Turnu Severin, Romania
Durovernum CantiacorumCanterbury, United Kingdom
DyrrhachiumDurrës, Albania
EboraEvora, Portugal
EboracumYork
EburodunumYverdon-les-Bains, Vaud, Switzerland
EgaraTerrassa, Catalonia, Spain
EgiptaniaIdanha-a-Velha, Portugal
EindoviaEindhoven, Netherlands
Elbinga, Elbingus, Elbinca, Elbangum, Elbingense castrumElbląg, formerly known as Elbing, Poland
Eleusis¹Eleusis, Greece
Emda, EmethaEmden
Emerita AugustaMérida
EmesaHoms, Syria
Emona, Aemona, LabacumLjubljana, Slovenia
EncopiaEnköping, Sweden
Eperiessinum, FragopolisPresov, Slovakia
Epidaurus¹Epidaurus, Greece
ErfordiaErfurt
FalcopiaFalköping, Sweden
Firmum (Picenum)Fermo
FlanonaPlomin
FlaviacumSaint-Germer, Flavigny
FlorentiaFirenze (Florence), Italy
FlumenRijeka, Fiume, Terra Sancti Viti, Croatia
FormioRižana
Forum Novum SiculorumTargu Mures, Mures, Romania
Francofortum ad MoenumFrankfurt am Main, Germany
Friburgum BrisgoviaeFreiburg im Breisgau, Germany
GadesCadiz
Gedania, Gedanum, DantiscumGdansk, Danzig
GenavaGeneva, Geneva, Switzerland
GenoaGenova, Italy
GerulataRusovce in Bratislava, Slovakia
GerundaGirona, Catalonia, Spain
GevaliaGävle, Sweden
GlanumSaint Rémy-de-Provence
Glevum ColoniaGloucester, United Kingdom
GoettingaGöttingen, Germany
GoslariaGoslar
GorliciumGörlitz, Germany / Zgorzelec, Poland
GothiaGothenburg (Göteborg), Sweden
GythiumGytheion, Greece
HafniaCopenhagen (København)
Hale SueviceHall in Schwaben
Halicarnassus¹Bodrum, Turkey
Halifacium, HortoniumHalifax, England
HalmostadiumHamlstad, Sweden
Hamburgum, HammoniaHamburg (Hammaburg), Germany
HannoveraHanover (Hannover), Germany
Heraclium¹Iraklion, rarely Heraclion, Crete, Greece
HerbipolisWürzburg, Germany
HerculaneumErcolano
Holmia (also: Stockholmia)Stockholm, Sweden
HudvicovaldumHudiksvall, Sweden
IlerdaLleida, Catalonia, Spain
IluroMataró, Catalonia, Spain
InteramnaTerni (Nahars)
Isthmia¹Isthmia, Greece, slightly E of Corinth
IuliacumJülich, Germany
JaderZadar, Croatia
JassiumIasi, Romania
JuennaPodjuna
JuncopiaJönköping, Sweden
JuvavumSalzburg, Austria
LabellumLavello
LagaholmiaLahoml, Sweden
LamegoLamego, Portugal
Larnaca¹Larnaca, Cyprus
LaugaricioTrencin, Slovakia
LauriacumLorch, Germany
Laurium, Graecia (Thoricum bef. mid-0s century B.C.)Laurion, (Laurium), Greece
Laurium, Hol., LaurumWoerden, Netherlands
LederataRama, Romania
LentiaLinz, Austria
LeucasLefkada, Lefkas (Leucas), Greece
LidcopiaLidköping, Sweden
LincopiaLinköping, Sweden
Lindaugia, LindaviaLindau, Germany
Lindesberga, LindaLindesberg, Sweden
LipsiaLeipzig, Germany
LithopolisKamnik, Slovenia
LocoritumLohr, Bavaria, Germany
LondiniumLondon, United Kingdom
Longatico, LongaticumLogatec, Slovenia
LousonnaLausanne, Vaud, Switzerland
LubecaLübeck, Lubeke
LugdunumLyon, France
Lugdunum ConvenarumSaint Bertrand de Comminges, France
LulaLuleå, Sweden
LupiaeLecce, Italy
LutetiaParis, France
MagdeburgumMagdeburg
MalmogiaMalmö, Sweden
MantuaMantova some Mantua, Italy
Marathon, Marathonis¹Marathon, Greece
MarburgumMaribor, Slovenia
MassiliaMarseille, France
MedelpadiaMedelpag, Sweden
MediaMedias, Sibiu, Romania
MedicinumMézin
MediolanumMilan (Milano), Italy
Megalopolis¹Megalopolis, Greece
MegaraMegara, (W of Athens) [Greece]]
MessanaMessina, slightly west of Reggio di Calabria
MisniaMeissen
MirobrigaSantiago do Cacém, Portugal
Moguncia, Moguntia, MogontiacumMainz
MonachiumMunich (München), Germany
MonasteriumBitolj, Republic of Macedonia
Monasterium WestphaliaeMünster, Germany
Mosa TraiectumMaastricht, Netherlands
MutinaModena, Italy
MycenaeMycenae (Mykênes, -ai), Greece
NaissusNiš, Serbia and Montenegro
Napoca, ClaudiopolisCluj-Napoca, Romania
NarboNarbonne
NaupactusNa(u)fpaktos, Greece
Nauplium¹Na(u)fplion, Greece
NauportusVrhnika, Slovenia
NeapolisNaples (Napoli), Italy
Neapolis-AemoniaNovigrad, Croatia
NeosoliumBanska Bystrica, Slovakia
NemaususNîmes, France
Nemea¹Nemea, Greece
NeoplantaNovi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro
NesactiumVisače
NeviodunumDrnovo, Slovenia
Nicomedia¹Izmit, Turkey
NicopiaNyköping, Sweden
Nicopolis¹Nicopolis, Greece
NolaNola, ENE of Naples, Italy
NorcopiaNorrköping, Sweden
NoreiaNeumarkt, Austria
NorimbergaNuremberg, Germany
Nova Ionia (Athenae)Nea Ionia (Athens) aka New Ionia, Greece
Nova Ionia (Thessalia)Nea Ionia (Thessaly) aka New Ionia, Greece
NovaeSishtov, Bulgaria
Novaesium, NovensiumNeuss, Germany
NoviomagusNijmegen, Noyon, Speyer
Noviodunum (Colonia Iulia Equestris)Nyon, Vaud, Switzerland
NoviodunumIsaccea, Tulcea, Romania
Novio RitoNiort
OctodurumMartigny, Valais, Switzerland
OdessusVarna
OeniponsInnsbruck, Austria
OlisipoLisbon(Lisboa), Portugal
OlmedumOlmedo
Olympia¹Olympia, Greece
Olympias¹Olympias (Olympiada), Greece
Orchomenos¹Orchomenus, Greece
OrebrogiaÖrebro, Sweden
OresundaeÖresund, Sweden
OssonobaFaro, Portugal
OvilavaWels, Austria
Paeania¹Paeania/Paiania, Greece
Pampalona, PampelonaPamplona
PanormusPalermo, Italy
ParentiumPoreč, Croatia
PartiscumSzeged, Hungary
PataviumPadua (Padova), Italy
Patrae¹Patras, Greece
Pax Iulia, Pax Augusta, Colonia PacensisBeja, Portugal
Pax MariaeMariefred, Sweden
PetinaPićan
PhalerumPhaleron, Faliron, Greece
PhilippiPhilippi, Greece
PiquentumBuzet, Croatia
PiraeusPiraeus, Greece
PisaurumPesaro, Italy
PitoviaPiteå, Sweden
PlacentiaPiacenza, Italy
PoetovioPtuj, Slovenia
PolaPula, Croatia
PorolissumZalau, Romania
Portus AlacerPortalegre, Portugal
Portus Cale¹Porto, Portugal
Portus NaonisPordenone
Posnania, PoznaniaPoznan, Poland
Posonium, WratisslaburgiumBratislava, Slovakia
PotaissaTurda, Romania
Potidaea¹Potidaea (Potidaia), Greece
PraetoriumCopaceni, Vâlcea, Romania
Prusa, BrusaBursa, Turkey
PyrrhanumPiran, Slovenia
RagusaDubrovnik, Croatia
RamboletiumRambouillet, France
RegiomontiumKaliningrad, Königsberg until 1945
RhegiumReggio di Calabria
Rugensis civitasRiga, Latvia
RatisbonaRegensburg
RigomagusRemagen, Germany
RisiniumRisan, Serbia and Montenegro
RociumRoč
RomaRome, Italy
Romula-Malva Resca Dobrosloveni, Romania
RotomagusRouen
SablonesVenlo
Salamis¹, CyprusSalamis, Cyprus
Salamis¹, GraeciaSalamis, Greece
SalisburgiumSalzburg, Austria
SalmanticaSalamanca
SamarobrivaAmiens, France
SandomirSandomierz, Poland
Saresberia/ServiodunumSalisbury, England
ScalabisSantarem, Portugal
ScodraShkodër, Albania
Scopium, ScupiumSkopje, Republic of Macedonia
SerdicaSofia, Bulgaria
Silva Ducis's-Hertogenbosch/Den Bosch
SingidunumBelgrade (Beograd), Serbia and Montenegro
SinusSines, Portugal
SipontumManfredonia
SiradiaSieradz, Poland
SirmiumSremska Mitrovica, Serbia and Montenegro
SisciaSisak, Croatia
Solodurum/SalodurumSolothurn, Switzerland
SpalatumSplit, Croatia
Sparta¹Sparta, Greece
SpiraSpeyer, Germany
StabiaeCastellammare di Stabia
StenbroviumStenbro, Sweden
Stockholmia (also: Holmia)Stockholm, Sweden
StutgardiaStuttgart, Germany
SucidavaCelei, Romania
SudercopiaSöderköping, Sweden
Syracusae¹Syracuse (Siracusa)
TaurunumZemun, Serbia and Montenegro
TapaePoarta de Fier a Transilvaniei, Romania
TarracoTarragona, Catalonia, Spain
TegeaTegea, Greece, near Tripoli
TergestumTrieste (Trst), Italy
TerracinaTerracina, Italy
Thebae (Boeotia/Athenae)Theva (Thebes), Greece
Thermopylae¹Thermopylae, Greece
Thessalonica, Salonica¹Thessaloniki, Saloniki (Salonika),Makedonia, Greece
Tifernum TiberinumCitta di Castello
TemesiensisTimisoara, Timis, Romania
ToletumToledo, Spain
TolosaToulouse, France
TomisConstanta, Romania
TornacumTournai, Doornik
TraiectumUtrecht, Netherlands
Traiectum ad MosamMaastricht
TrapezusTrabzon, Trebizond
TremoniaDortmund, Germany
TridentumTrento, Italy
Tripolis (Graecia)Tripoli, Greece
Tripolis (Lib.)Tripoli, Lebanon
TritiumCovilhã, Portugal
TroesmisIglita, Romania
Troezen, Troezena¹Troezen, Greece
TubingaTübingen, Germany
Tulpiacum, TolbiacumZülpich (Tolbiac)
TuricumZürich, Switzerland
Turoni, Metropolis civitas Turonum, Turonorum, Augusta Turonum, T(h)oronus, Turonica civitas, CaesarodunumTours, France
Tusculumnear Frascati, SE of Rome, Italy
UlpianaLjipljan, Serbia and Montenegro
UlmetumPantelimonul de Sus, Constanta (county), Romania
UpsalaUpsala, Sweden
UraniburgumUranienborg, Sweden
Uranopolis¹Uranopoli, Greece some prefer Uranopolis
UrbaOrbe, Vaud, Switzerland
Urbs MariaeMariestad, Sweden
Urbs NotabilisMdina, Malta
VadsteniumVadstena, Sweden
VaradinumOradea, Romania
VarsoviaWarsaw, Poland
VeldidenaWilten, Austria
VelitraeVelletri
VemmariaVimmerby, Sweden
VeniatiaVinhais, Portugal
Venta BelgarumWinchester, United Kingdom
VenusiaVenosa
VerulamiumSt. Alban's, United Kingdom
VesontioBesançon
Vetera, Colonia Ulpia TraianaXanten, Germany
Veterosolium, VetusoliumZvolen, Slovakia
VexioniaVäxjö, Sweden
VibiscumVevey, Vaud, Switzerland
Villa EuraciniPóvoa de Varzim, Portugal
Villa CardilioTorres Novas, Portugal
VindobonaVienna, Austria
VindonissaWindisch, Aargau, Switzerland
ViseuViseu, Portugal
VisingsburgumVisingsborg, Sweden
VitudurumWinterthur, Zürich, Switzerland
VirunumMaria Saal (Gospa Sveta), Austria
VolaterraeVolterra, Italy
VolsiniumBolsena
VratislaviaWroclaw, Poland
WormatiaWorms, Germany
YstadiumYstad, Sweden
Zycanthus, Zacynthus²Zante (Zakynthos), Greece

partial list

See also:

External link