for sound-color-melody) is a musical
technique that involves breaking up a musical line or melody
out from one instrument
to between several instruments. It adds greater color and texture
to a melodic line, instead of just one timbre
in playing the line.
The term was coined by Arnold Schoenberg in his text on harmony, Harmonielehre (1911). He and Anton Webern are particularly noted for their use of the technique.
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