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King Hiram

Hiram (Hebrew Ahiram; my brother [god] is exalted), also called Huram in 2 Chronicles 2, was the king of Tyre and ally of Israel from 970 BC to 936 BC.

When King David of Israel built a palace in Jerusalem, he asked Hiram to provide both the timber and the workers necessary to build it. David's son Solomon, when he became king, also asked for help to build God's temple and traded agricultural products from Israel for Tyrian cedar and cypress logs. According to 1 Kings 9, the extravagance of the Temple prompted Solomon to cede twenty Israelite cities to Hiram in exchange for 120 gold talents (about $3.6 million today). Hiram's provision of Phoenician sailors to Solomon also allowed Israel to expand considerably, maintaining a trading fleet at Ezion-Geber, a port of the Gulf of Aqabah.


Hiram is also the name of a skilled Tyrian metalworker whom King Hiram of Tyre sent to work on Solomon's Temple. He is noted in 2 Kings 7 for constructing two bronze pillars, the "molten sea" for the priests to wash in, and many other items.