) (خراسان in Persian
) is an old Persian
province, located in the Northeastern part of nowadays Iran and its name means "where the sun rises". The ancient Khorasan included parts which are today in Iran
. Four of the main historical cities of Persia are located in Khorasan: Nishapur
. In its long history, Khorasan knew many conquerors and empires: Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Seldjuk Turks, Safavid Turks, etc.
Mashhad is the capital of Khorasan province.
Khorasan is also known for its famous rugs.