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Kampala, population 1,208,544 (2002), is the capital of Uganda. The city, the largest in Uganda, is located on Lake Victoria. Manufactures include furniture and machine parts. Agricultural exports include coffee, cotton, tea, and sugar. An international airport is nearby, at Entebbe.

Kampala grew up around a fort constructed by Frederick Lugard in 1890 for the British East Africa Company. In 1962, Kampala replaced Entebbe as the national capital. Much of the city was destroyed after the 1979 overthrow of Idi Amin's dictatorship and the subsequent civil war.

Kampala is the seat of the East African Development Bank and Makerere University.