Kamakura (鎌倉市; -shi) is a city located in Kanagawa, Japan.
Surrounded by mountains on three sides and the Pacific on the fourth, Kamakura is a natural fortress. During the Middle Ages it was the chief city of the Kanto region, and from the 12th through 14th centuries the Minamoto shoguns ruled Japan from here. Kamakura is now mainly known for its temples and shrines.
As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 168,137 and the density of 4,245.88 persons per km². The total area is 39.60 km².
The city was founded on November 3, 1939.