The July Monarchy
was established in France
with the reign of Louis Philippe of France
. His predecessor, Charles X
, abdicated during the July Revolution
, which had been launched in July of 1830
by the middle-class, who were outraged at the assumptions of the ultraroyalists. Charles X's chosen successor was his young nephew, Henri, conte de Chambord
(1820 - 1883), but Henri never received the throne.
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