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Joseph Rotblat

Józef Rotblat sometimes incorrectly Joseph Rotblat (born November 4, 1908 is a Polish (though with British citizenship) physicist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995 in conjuction with the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, an organization of scientists which he headed at the time, for their efforts towards nuclear disarmament.

He was born in Lodz in central Poland. Graduated from University of Warsaw and until 1939 he worked at the university, the Radium Institute in Warsaw and other scientific institutions.

He went to Liverpool on a scientific grant and was caught by the WWII. In Britain he was collaborating with James Chadwick and during the war he was involved in the Manhattan project but left when he had found out that it led to the arms race.

He became one of the prominent critics of nuclear arms race and founded with Bertrand Russell the Pugwash organization. Despite the Iron Curtain and the Cold War he advocated establishing links between scientists from the West and East. Similarily to the Hippocratic Oath he thought that scientists should have their own moral code of conduct.

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