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Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet

The Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet was developed in 1941 and was used by all branches of the United States military until the promulgation of the NATO phonetic alphabet in 1955, which has replaced it. Before the JAN phonetic alphabet, each branch of the armed forces used its own phonetic alphabet, leading to difficulties in interbranch communication.

The Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet is as follows:

Letter Phonetic Letter Phonetic Letter Phonetic
A Able M Mike Y Yoke
B Baker N Nutley Z Zebra
C Charlie O Oboe 0 Zero
D Dog P Peter 1 One
E Easy Q Queen 2 Two
F Fox R Roger 3 Three
G George S Sail 4 Four
H How T Tare 5 Five
I Item U Uncle 6 Six
J Jig V Victor 7 Seven
K King W William 8 Eight
L Love X X-ray 9 Niner

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