John GarfieldJohn Garfield
- May 21
) was an American actor. Born Jacob Julius Garfinkle in New York City
, he was sent to a school for problem children after the early death of his mother. It was there that he was introduced to boxing
and acting. He won a scholarship to an acting school hosted by Maria Ouspenskaya, and made his Broadway
debut in 1932
. The play Golden Boy
was written for him, but he was passed over for the role. He decided to leave Broadway and try his success in Hollywood
. In 1938
he received critical acclaim and an Academy Award
nomination for his role in Four Daughters
Involved in liberal politics, Garfield became caught up in the McCarthy Communist scare of the late 1940s and, even though he denied having ever been a Communist, his forced testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee damaged his career. Heart problems caused his death at the age of 39.
Academy Award Nominations
Garfield has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7065 Hollywood Blvd.