The organization was founded by Ethel T. Wead Mick in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1920. The purpose of the Order was to band together young girls in a Masonic relationship, which was intended to build character through moral and spiritual development. Specific points of teaching include a greater reverence for God and the Holy Scriptures, loyalty to one's country and that country's flag, and respect for parents.
The name was based on the Book of Job, which Mick was particularly fond of. She founded the organization itself after several years of consideration, with the assistance of her husband, Dr. William H. Mick, and several Freemasons. She dedicated the organization to the memory of her mother, Elizabeth D. Wead. Many preliminary meetings were held by a few interested Master Masons and members of the Eastern Star from 1918 through 1920, at the home or office of Dr. and Mrs. Mick in Omaha, Nebraska, prior to the organization's official founding in 1920.
The ritualistic work of the Order is based on the Triangle, the Three Daughters of Job, the Open Book and Education.