In physics, jerk (in British English, jolt), also called surge, is the derivative of acceleration with respect to time (or the third derivative of displacement). Yank is mass times jerk, or equivalently, the derivative of force with respect to time. Jerk is a vector, and there is no generally used term to describe its scalar value.
Jerk is used at times in engineering, especially when building roller coasters. Some fragile or precision objects can be safely subjected not only to a maximum acceleration, but also to a maximum jerk.
Higher derivatives of velocity than jerk also exist, but they are rarely necessary, and hence lack agreed names. Many suggestions have been made, such as jilt, jouse and jolt.