Jean-Jacques DessalinesJean-Jacques Dessalines
), was born as a slave in Grande-Riviere-du-Nord on Haiti
. He first served as an officer in the French
army and later rose to become a commander in the revolt against the same colonial power. After the capture of Toussaint L'Ouverture
Dessalines became leader of the revolution and after defeating the French troops sent by Napoleon
in November 1803
, he declared Haiti independent. In 1804
he made himself Emperor
as Jacques I of Haiti
, but was assassinated in 1806 after an oppressive rule.
The national anthem of Haiti, La Dessalinienne, is in his honor.
See also: History of Haiti