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# Japanese numerals

The system of Japanese numerals is the system of number names used in the Japanese language.

(Some numbers have multiple names.)
 Number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 100 1000 Character 零 一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十 百 千 Preferred reading rei ichi ni san yon go roku nana hachi kyū jū hyaku sen On Reading rei ichi ni san shi go roku shichi hachi kyū jū hyaku sen 音読み れい いち に さん し ご ろく しち はち きゅう じゅう ひゃく せん Kun Reading hitotsu futatsu mittsu yottsu/yon itsutsu muttsu nanatsu/nana yattsu kokonotsu tō chi 訓読み ひとつ ふたつ みっつ よっつ／よん いつつ むっつ ななつ やっつ ここのつ とう ち

As you can see, 4 and 7 do not use their On readings, this is superstitous - 死 (death) is pronounced shi.

Intermediate numbers are made by combining these elements:
Tens from 20 to 90 are "(digit)-jū".
Hundreds from 200 to 900 are "(digit)-hyaku".
Thousands from 2000 to 9000 are "(digit)-sen".
There are some phonetic modifications to larger numbers, but they are a minor detail.

In large numbers, elements are combined from largest to smallest, and zeros are implied.

Now the main point: REALLY big numbers are made in a manner nearly identical to that in English, EXCEPT they use groups for four digits:

 Rank 104 108 1012 Character 万 億 兆 Name man oku chō

Examples: (spacing by groups of four digits is given only for clarity of explanation)
1`0000 : ichi-man
983`6703 : kyū-hyaku hachi-jū san man roku-sen nana-hyaku san
20`3652`1801 : ni-jū oku san-zen rop-pyaku go-jū ni-man sen hap-pyaku ichi

Note that, in Japanese as well as English, the word for "zero" is not used in the name of any integer greater than zero; unlike Chinese, which requires the use of 零 wherever there is a group of zeroes, i.e. 三百零二 for 302.

Since Japanese language was heavily influenced by Chinese, Japanese numerals for small numbers are identical to Chinese numerals except the difference in pronunciations. For large numbers, the numerals are often different, because of different number syntax.