James Barry Munnik HertzogJames Barry Munnik Herzog,
better known as Barry Herzog,
(1866-1942) was Prime Minister of South Africa
from 1924 to 1939. In 1924, his National Party
defeated the South African Party of Jan Smuts
to form the government. In 1934, the National Party and the South African Party merged to form the United Party
. In 1939, the United Party caucus refused to accept Herzog's stance of neutrality in World War II
and deposed him in favour of Smuts.