was a man from Gilead (see also Manasseh
), east of the River Jordan
, who judged Israel
for twenty-two years after the death of Tola
. His tribe is unidentified, and according to Judges
10:3-5, Jair had thirty sons, who rode thirty ass colts
, and thirty 'cities' in Gilead which came to be known as Havoth-Jair. The word chawwoth
('tent encampments') occurs only in this context (Numbers
10:4), and is a legacy word remaining from the early nomadic stage of Hebrew culture. W. Ewing suggests that Kamon probably corresponds to Kamun taken by the Seleucid
king Antiochus III
, on his march from Pella to Gephrun (Polybius
book v, 70:12).
Jair died and was buried in Kamon.