According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,704 km² (658 mi²). 1,698 km² (656 mi²) of it is land and 6 km² (2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.35% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 12,657 people, 4,727 households, and 3,507 families residing in the county. The population density is 7/km² (19/mi²). There are 5,094 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (8/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 90.21% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 6.84% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 4,727 households out of which 35.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% are married couples living together, 8.20% have a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% are non-families. 22.70% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.50% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.63 and the average family size is 3.09.
In the county the population is spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $40,451, and the median income for a family is $46,520. Males have a median income of $32,195 versus $22,305 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,606. 8.80% of the population and 6.40% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 12.50% are under the age of 18 and 9.20% are 65 or older.