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Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation between nations for the benefit of all. Partisans of this movement claim that nations should cooperate because their long-term mutual interests are of greater value than their own individual short-term needs.

Internationalism is by nature opposed to ultranationalism, jingoism and national chauvinism as well as to strictly economic globalization movements which deny the value of other nations' culture and differences. Internationalism presupposes the recognition of other nations as equal, in spite of all their differences, in total respect of each other's nationalism.

International socialism was one of the original ideals of the communist movement, but internationalism is not restricted to the far left. The right-wing desire for economic globalization achieves similar ends, but with different political goals. More and more, the left speaks of a globalization of solidarities.

One of the ideals of many internationalists is movement towards World Government. Examples of bodies formed through internationalism are the United Nations and the European Union, and can be seen as progress towards such a goal.

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In linguistics, internationalism is a loanword that, originating from one language, got loaned by most (idealy all) languages. Examples are: "OK", "microscope", "internationalism", and "tokamak".