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Intellectual history

Intellectual history means either:
  1. the history of intellectuals, or:
  2. the history of the people who create, discuss, write about and in other ways propagate ideas.

Intellectual history differs from (although related to) the history of philosophy and the history of ideas. Its central perspective suggests that ideas do not change in isolation from the people who create and use them and that we must study the culture, lives and environments of people to understand their ideas.

The social/intellectual context in the writings of history includes:

The Enlightenment - human rights, new science, democratic republic (scholarly sources Kant, Dilthey, Voltaire)

Romanticism - individual, subjective, imaginative, personal, visonary (scholarly sources Carlyle, Rousseau, Hook, Herder)

Post-Romanticism/reaction to naturalism, opposes external-only observations by adding internal observations (scholarly sources Comte, von Ranke)

Modernism - rejects tradition (scholarly sources Beard, Novick)

Postmodernism - rejects Modernism, meta-narrative - multiple perspective, role of individual (scholarly sources Lyotard, Foucault, Barthes)

Structuralism - many phenomena do not occur in isolation but in relation to each other (schoarly sources Geertz, Levi-Strauss)

Poststructuralism - deconstruction, destablizes the relationship between language and objects the language refers to (scholarly sources Lyotard, Derrida, Foucault)