In the 1970s, Indonesian Chinese were rejected in Indonesia. Government policy mandated all Chinese language teaching be banned from school; Chinese names were outlawed and all Indonesians must use Indonesian names. Many believed these laws were targeted to drive Chinese out of the country because most Chinese people stick with their Chinese heritage and family names and genealogy are important part of Chinese life.
In 1998, Indonesian Chinese were attacked by local people. Numerous riots targeted the wealthy Chinese people in the country. Chinese homes were looted, burnt down; women were raped (the number of women who was raped is still unknown); men were killed. The events in 1998 were significant because unlike earlier actions taken against Indonesian Chinese, this incident aroused the interest and feelings of Chinese in China. After the tragedy, some numbers of Chinese Indonesian have been migrating to another country, such as USA and Singapore.
Many believe that the domination of the economy brought jealousy which leads to attacks and rejections. Many Chinese are not politically active and hence fail to set legislation to protect their own interests despite they are economically affluent. The situation is different in Singapore where overseas Chinese are both politically and economically active. Some compare the situation of overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia to the Jews in Europe before WWII.
Chinese Indonesian's condition is now improving, a small number of them have involved on Indonesian politic life, and even one of them becomes a minister.
See also: Demographics of Indonesia