Among the Indo-European languages
, the indicative mood
is the grammatical mood
of a verb
that distinguishes ordinary statements; if it is not a command, a wish, or a hypothetical statement, the indicative mood is used. The indicative mood is the most common grammatical mood; each verb in this paragraph stands in the indicative mood. Grammatical mood is distinct from grammatical tense
; in English, verbs remain in the indicative mood regardless of whether they spoke in the preterite
, are being used in the present tense, or will be used in the future tense
. Among the Indo-European languages, it contrasts with the:
Not every Indo-European language has each of these moods, but the most conservative ones such as Ancient Greek
, and Lithuanian
retain them all.
In Indo-European languages, it is not customary to speak of a negative mood, used for negation, since in these languages negation is originally a particle that can be applied to a verb in any of these moods. In some non-Indo-European languages, the negative mood counts as a separate mood. It could be argued that Modern English has joined the ranks of these languages, since negation in the indicative mood requires the use of an auxiliary verb and a distinct syntax in most cases.