The Indian Army
was the British
backed and led army in India
, formed after the Indian Mutiny
in 1857. Prior to this time the British East India Company
had their own army units, paid for by their profits. In the aftermath of the mutiny it was found that the leadership of these forces was largely out of touch with the sentiments of the men in uniform, and it was decided that only a complete re-forming of the army would have any real effect on morale. Another change was that all artillery
was given to units made entirely of British soldiers, as Indian-led artillery had been particularily effective against the British units during the mutiny.