India pale aleIndia Pale Ale
, commonly abbreviated to IPA
, is a style of ale
that originally derived from a British
colonial thirst for British-brewed beers
. When shipping beer to the colonies, thought had to be given to the length of the journey. By initially brewing the beer to high gravities, it could continue to ferment
during the journey. In addition, the anti-infective property of hops
was utilized to prevent infection by undesirable wild yeast. The resulting golden beer is, therefore, extremely bitter in flavour.
Commercial examples include Fuller's IPA from London and Brooklyn Brewery's East India Pale Ale from New York.