The visual cortex is excellent in image analysis. Image analysis software mimics visual perception by searching an image for a specific pattern. This field of computer science was first developed in the 1950s at academic institutions such as the M.I.T A.I. Lab. It is commonly used in Computer Aided Machinery (CAM), robotics, computer vision, and machine vision.
Image analysis includes both Optical Character Recognition (OCR) and the identification of outlines, facial features, and textures.
Image analysis requires a video camera or some other scanning device to capture images. These images are then used as inputs to computer processing software that can read text, identify a face, or specify the location of any object the system has been trained to recognize.
The process of image analysis may be described as follows: