, or Enais
, in Muslim
mythology the counterpart of the Christian
and Jewish devil
. He figures oftener in the Qur'an
under the name Shaitan, Iblis being mentioned 11 times, whereas Shaitan appears in 87 passages. He is chief of the spirits of evil, and his personality is adapted to that of his Jewish prototype. Iblis rebelled against Allah
and was expelled from Paradise. The Koranic legend is that his fall was a punishment for his refusal to worship Adam. Condemned to death he was afterwards respited till the judgment day (Qur'an vii. 13).
See Gustav Weil, The Bible, the Koran and the Talmud (London, 1846).