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Humpty Dumpty

Humpty Dumpty is a character in Mother Goose rhyme, portrayed as an anthropomorphized egg. Most English-speaking children are familiar with the rhyme:

 Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall
 Humpty Dumpty had a great fall
 All the king's horses and all the king's men
 Couldn't put Humpty together again

Humpty Dumpty
He also appears in Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass and discusses semantics with Alice. Among other things, he explains the hard words from Jabberwocky.

There are various theories of the origin of Humpty Dumpty. One is from the name of a cannon during the English Civil War. It was on top of a tower. When the opposing force blew off the top of the tower, Humpty Dumpty fell to the ground. The King's (since they were on the Royalist side) footmen and cavalry tried to fix him, but failed.

In another theory, Humpty Dumpty referred to King Richard III of England, the hunchbacked monarch, whose horse was named "Wall". During the battle of Bosworth Field, He fell off of his steed and was said to have been "hacked into pieces".

(However, although Shakespeare's play depicts Richard as a hunchback, other historical evidence suggests that he was not.)

Humpty Dumpty may also refer to a Roman war machine called a Testudo used to cross moats and climb over castle walls. Humpty Dumpty refers to the turtle-like look of the machine and the noise of the wheels.

Another theory has Humpty Dumpty as medieval argot for short maladroits.

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