HMS Sheffield was struck by an Exocet cruise missile fired by an Argentine aircraft during the Falkland Islands War on May 4, 1982 and abandoned. The burnt out hulk was taken in tow by the Rothesay Class Frigate HMS Yarmouth but sank on 10 May 1982, the first Royal Navy vessel sunk in action for almost forty years. Twenty one of her crew died during the attack and the wreck is a designated war grave.
HMS Sheffield was named after the city and county borough of Sheffield in the West Riding of southern Yorkshire. Her nickname was "The Shiny Sheff" because of the amount of special steel used in her fitting out.