History of CeutaCeuta
's strategic location on the northernmost tip of Morocco
(on the Strait of Gibraltar
) has made it the crucial waypoint of many a culture's trade and military ventures--beginning with the ancient Carthaginians
in the 5th century BC
. It wasn't until the Romans
took control in about 42
A.D., however, that the port city (named Sebta
at the time) took on an almost exclusive military purpose. Approximately 400 years later, the Vandals
ousted the Romans for control and, in 710
A.D., fell to the emerging Muslim
invaders themselves . Under the leadership of Berber
chief Tarik-ibn-Ziyad, Ceuta was used as a prime staging ground for an assault on Goth
Centuries later, in 1415, Ceuta was taken by the Portuguese under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator. The primary aim of the conquest was to expel Muslim influence from the area and further promote Christianity. Lisbon, 1 January 1668 - Peace Treaty between D. Afonso VI of Portugal and Carlos II of Spain, by mediation of Charles II of England. Portugal yields Ceuta to Spain.
In the modern era, Ceuta is known for its cosmopolitan nature and unique European influence--all of which have increased tourism to the area.
Ceuta has also been called the African Pillar of Hercules.