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Hindustani languages

"Hindustani" is the term formerly used to collectively name the Hindi and Urdu languages. The two are largely similar in grammar and vocabulary. However, Urdu, spoken in largely-Muslim Pakistan, has more loanwords from Persian and Arabic and is written in the Arabic alphabet, while Hindi, spoken in largely-Hindu northern India, has more influence from the southern Dravidian languages and classical Sanskrit and is written in Devanagari script.