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Hildesheim (district)

State:Lower Saxony
Adm. Region:Hanover
Area:1206 km²
Inhabitants:292,900 (2002)
pop. density:243 inh./km²
Car identification:HI

Hildesheim is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Hanover, Peine, Wolfenbüttel, Goslar, Northeim, Holzminden and Hamelin-Pyrmont.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Coat of arms
4 Towns and municipalities
5 External links


In 1885 the Prussian government established districts within the province of Hanover. The present territory of the district was occupied by four districts: Hildesheim, Alfeld, Gronau and Marienburg. In 1932 the district of Gronau joined Alfeld, the number of districts was reduced to three.

When the state of Lower Saxony was founded in 1946, the districts were reorganised: Hildesheim became a district-free city, the remaining district of Hildesheim and Marienburg were merged to the new district of Hildesheim-Marienburg. The district of Alfeld remained in its former borders.

In 1974 the city of Hildesheim lost its status as a district-free city and became part of the surrounding district, which was renamed to Hildesheim. The districts of Hildesheim and Alfeld were merged in 1977.


The district is located southeast of Hanover, and the northernmost parts are bordering the Hanover metropolitan area. The northern half of the district is highly urbanised, while the south is covered with forests. The Leine river enters the district in the south, runs through the towns of Alfeld and Gronau and leaves in the northwest towards Hanover; a small affluent, the Innerste, joins the Leine from the east after flowing through the city of Hildesheim. Between Leine and Innerste there are the forested hill chains of the Hildesheimer Wald ("Hildesheim Forest") and the Sieben Berge ("Seven Mountains", see Alfeld for more details).

Coat of arms

The coat of arms displays:
  • the eagle from the arms of the city of Hildesheim
  • the deer antler represents the Germanic tribe of the Cherusci (cherut="deer")
  • the rose stands for the nature in the southern half of the district

Towns and municipalities

  1. Alfeld
  2. Bad Salzdetfurth
  3. Bockenem
  4. Elze
  5. Gronau
  6. Hildesheim
  7. Sarstedt
  1. Duingen
  2. Freden
  3. Gronau
  4. Lamspringe
  5. Sibbesse
Free municipalities
  1. Algermissen
  2. Diekholzen
  3. Giesen
  4. Harsum
  5. Holle
  6. Nordstemmen
  7. Schellerten
  8. Söhlde

External links

Official website (German)