The Harmony Society
was a Christian theosophy
society founded in Iptingen, Germany
, in 1785 or 1786. Due to religious persecution by the Lutheran Church
, the Harmony Society moved to the United States in 1803-1804, eventually purchasing 3000 acres of land in Butler County, Pennsylvania
. On February 15 1805
, they, together with about 400 followers, formally organized the Harmony Society, placing all their goods in common.
The Society was founded and led by Johann Georg Rapp (1757-1847) and his adopted son, Frederick Rapp (1775-1834). The Harmony Society is best known for its worldly succeses, eventually bulding what were in effect three small cities, one at Harmony, near what is now Ambridge, Pennsylvania, another by a splinter group in nearby Beaver County, Pennsylvania, and the third in Illinois.