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Guadeloupe, in the Caribbean, is an archipelago with a total area of 1,704 km² located in the Eastern Caribbean.

Administratively speaking, Guadeloupe is an overseas département (département d'outre-mer, or DOM) of France. As the other DOMs, Guadeloupe is also a région of France.

Region Guadeloupe
Official language French
Political status
Non-sovereign, Overseas Department of France
Department Number 971
Préfecture Basse-Terre
Sous-préfectures Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Martin
Head of Regional Council Lucette Michaux-Chevry
Head of General Council Jacques Gillot
 - Total
 - % water

1,705 km²
 - Total (2002)
 - Density

Currency Euro
Time zone UTC -4
Calling Code590

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Culture
7 Miscellaneous topics
8 External link


Main article: History of Guadeloupe

The original inhabitants were Arawak Indians. In 1493 during his second trip to America Christopher Columbus was the first European who set foot on the soil of Guadeloupe. The French took possession of the island in 1635. The following century saw the developpement of an economy based on sugar and slavery of Africans or their descendants. Slavery was definitely abolished by decree of April 27, 1848 at the initiative of Victor Schoelcher.


Main article: Politics of Guadeloupe


Main article: Geography of Guadeloupe

Guadeloupe comprises five islands: Guadeloupe proper (Basse-Terre), Grande-Terre (separated from Basse-Terre by a narrow sea channel called salt river) with the adjacent islands of La Désirade, Îles des Saintes and Marie Galante.

Further to the north, Saint-Barthélemy and the French part of Saint-Martin come under the juridiction of Guadeloupe. Basse-Terre has a rough volcanic relief whilst Grande-Terre features rolling hills and flat plains.

See also: Communes of the Guadeloupe département


Main article: Economy of Guadeloupe


Main article: Demographics of Guadeloupe


Main article: Culture of Guadeloupe

See also: Music of Martinique and Guadeloupe

Miscellaneous topics

External link

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