Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Growth stock

Growth Stocks in finance, are stocks that appreciate in value and yield a high Return on equity (ROE). A 15% ROE or greater is desirable. This appreciation is due to the growth in revenue (and profit) of the firm issuing the stock.

An investor's return typically comes from three places:

With growth stocks, the companys seldom issue dividends, so the investors return comes from the other two sources.

The market sometimes values a stock at an amount much more that the book value contained in the companies accounting records. In such a case, the PE ratio will likely be relatively high. Why do investors buy such high priced stocks? It is because of the stocks potential for future revenue growth and the expectation of stock price appreciation.

Example to show why investors pay a high PE for growth stocks

This important principle creates the opposite of a modified internal rate or return. Thus, it creates an accelerated two-part rate of return for the investor. An example follows:

Equity $100,000
ROE 30%
Investor pays $1,000,000 or a P/E of 33 and thus first year earnings return equals 3%.

However, the investors ROE does not remain at 3% even as I assume that the companies ROE remains at the above stated rate.

Why? The new reinvested earnings earn the companies ROE rate. Demonstrated as:

Assuming the 30% ROE continues for ten years, the companies earnings will be $413,575.

Assuming the ROE now drops to 10% and the company’s earnings are paid out to the investor as a dividend, the investment would be worth $413,575 / .10 or ~ $4,100,000. The investor’s IRR would equal ~15%.

If the residual earnings are capitalized at a 15 P/E the investors return equals ~18%. Using either scenario for the residual sale, the investor earned an above market rate of return.

In conclusion, the investor’s success depends on the ROE of reinvested earnings. Of course, the company’s ROE depends on the their ability to create products, market those products, control costs, hire and keep competent management and employees and continue to successfully employ capital over the long term – no small feat. In the end, an investor can pay a high P/E and still come out with an excess market rate of return if they pick a well managed firm with a high growth rate.

See also