) in Korean
) was the name of Korea
during the Goryeo Dynasty
, which lasted from the fall of Silla
in X until the founding of the Joseon Dynasty
in 1394. The name "Goryeo" is a shortened form of "Goguryeo
," the name of a kingdom in northern Korea which was conquered by Silla in AD 668. The English name "Korea" comes from "Goryeo."
The Goryeo period was a culturally rich one in Korea's history. Two of the period's most notable products are Goryeo pottery--the famous Korean celadon pottery--and the Tripitaka Koreana--the Buddhist scriptures (Tripitaka) carved onto roughly 80,000 woodblocks.