Goodland was the birthplace of jazz musician and bandleader Eddie Condon.
As of the census of 2000, there are 1,096 people, 434 households, and 291 families residing in the town. The population density is 542.5/km² (1,397.1/mi²). There are 476 housing units at an average density of 235.6/km² (606.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 99.27% White, 0.00% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 434 households out of which 32.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% are married couples living together, 8.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% are non-families. 29.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 15.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.53 and the average family size is 3.13.
In the town the population is spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $35,952, and the median income for a family is $41,875. Males have a median income of $30,292 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the town is $15,715. 6.2% of the population and 3.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 3.0% are under the age of 18 and 12.7% are 65 or older.