, known as Tujue
(突厥 tu2 jue2) in medieval Chinese
sources, established the first known Turkic
state in 552
under the leadership of Bumin Khan
and expanded rapidly to rule wide territories in Central Asia
The state's most famous personalities other than its founder Bumin are princes Kul and Bilge and the vizier Tonyukuk, whose life stories were carved on the famous Orhon inscriptions.
See also: Gokturk Runes