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The Gokturks or Kokturks, known as Tujue (突厥 tu2 jue2) in medieval Chinese sources, established the first known Turkic state in 552 under the leadership of Bumin Khan and expanded rapidly to rule wide territories in Central Asia.

The state's most famous personalities other than its founder Bumin are princes Kul and Bilge and the vizier Tonyukuk, whose life stories were carved on the famous Orhon inscriptions.

See also: Gokturk Runes