He was born in Caprino, Italy.
Arduino was a mining specialist who developed possibly the first classification of geological time, based on study of the geology of northern Italy. The first record of the classification may be a letter dated from 1759 - dates on the web vary. His classification used only a few periods: primitive (or primary), secondary and tertiary - some pages on the web add a fourth type, variously quaternary, volcanic or alluvial.
Giovanni Arduino appears to be also a present-day fiction writer from Turin, Italy.