Norfolk Island claims an exclusive fishing zone extending 200 nm. and territorial sea claims to 3 nm. from the island. The climate is subtropical and mild, with little seasonal differentiation. The island is a volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains. The highest point is Mt. Bates, at 319 m., while the lowest point is sea level along the coast.
The only major natural resource of Norfolk Island is fish, while there are no major arable lands of permanent farmlands, though about 25% of the island is a permanent pasture. There are no large forests, nor any irrigated land.