In 1988, O-level qualifications were replaced by a new system, the General Certificate of Secondary Education, or GCSE. However GCE is still used in some countries like Singapore and some parts of Britain continued to use O levels for some time after 1988.
In 1989 an intermediate level, Advanced Supplementary (AS), was introduced for 18-year-olds who had studied a broader mix of subjects in less depth. The system was revised in 2000 so that all A-level students must now sit AS-levels first.
Increasingly in Singapore, students who perform well in school are given the option to bypass the O-levels, and take the A-levels instead at the age of 18. This scheme is dubbed the "through-train programme".
See also: A-level