The main towns and villages are Olbia (Terranoa), Tempio Pausania (Tempiu), La Maddalena (A Maddalena), Arzachena (Alzachena) and Calangianus (Caragnani). Soon to become part of the new province of "Olbia-Tempio" with Olbia and Tempio Pausania as administrative capitals.
There is an airport and port in Olbia. Industries including cork, granite, and food exist in Olbia and Tempio. There is tourism in the Costa Smeralda area and in La Maddalena island.