Fresno is the county seat of Fresno County, California. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 427,652. It is located at 36°47' North, 119°48' West, in California's Central Valley. Its zip code is 937xx.
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According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 271.4 km² (104.8 mi²). 270.3 km² (104.4 mi²) of it is land and 1.1 km² (0.4 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.42% water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 427,652 people, 140,079 households, and 97,915 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,582.2/km² (4,097.7/mi²). There are 149,025 housing units at an average density of 551.3/km² (1,427.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 50.17% White, 8.36% African American, 1.58% Native American, 11.23% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 23.36% from other races, and 5.16% from two or more races. 39.87% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 140,079 households out of which 40.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% are married couples living together, 17.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% are non-families. 23.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.99 and the average family size is 3.57.
In the city the population is spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 28 years. For every 100 females there are 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $32,236, and the median income for a family is $35,892. Males have a median income of $32,279 versus $26,551 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,010. 26.2% of the population and 20.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 36.5% are under the age of 18 and 10.7% are 65 or older.
Fresno is the location of California State University Fresno, and the university football team is known as the Bulldogs.