An article in the Washington Times said that Brazil and the United States have been tussling over key points of the proposal, some of which are perceived to provide unfair benefits to wealthy nations:
According to news reports, the US is pushing for a single comprehensive agreement that would cut tariffs on manufactured and agricultural goods while strengthening rules governing services trade, investment, intellectual property protection and government procurement. Brazil, however, which co-chairs the final phase of the FTAA talks with the United States, has proposed a slower, three-track approach that calls for a series of bilateral agreements to cut tariffs and a hemispheric pact on items such as rules of origins and dispute settlement, but leaves more controversial issues to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
For the trade agreement to be on track for its scheduled deployment in 2005, substantial progress will need to be made at the November meeting. However, this meeting at Miami has been cancelled one day ahead of schedule , and many issues were left to be discussed by the WTO. At the same time, between 10.000 and 25.000 people from trade unions and the alterglobalization movement have been protesting against the FTAA.