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The city of Focşani [pron. fohk-SHAAN] in the county of Vrancea in Romania lies on the river Milcov, which formed the ancient frontier of the former principalities of Moldavia and Walachia, and had a population (as of ?) of 103,219.

The vicinity has minerals such as iron, copper, coal and petroleum. The line Focshani/Galatz featured a very strong line of fortifications, known as the Sereth Line.

A congress between Russian and Turkishish diplomats took place near the town in 1772. In the neighbourhood the Turks suffered a severe defeat at the hands of the allied forces ofAustrians under Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg and Russians under Aleksandr Suvorov in 1789.

Original text from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with additions by G.N. Boiko-Slastion.