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For the racehorse named Fabius, please see Fabius.

Fabius (fem. Fabia) was the nomen of the gens Fabia of ancient Rome. The Fabii were one of the several leading patrician families (gentes maiores) of the city. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, five times a consul, was a hero of the Samnite Wars; but even he was eclipsed by the Fabius Maximus who fought against Hannibal in the Second Punic War.