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Exegesis (Greek ἐξηγεῖσθαι 'to lead out') is an extensive and critical interpretation of any text, or especially of a holy scripture, such as of the Old and New Testaments of the Bible, the Talmud, the Midrash, the Koran, etc. An exegete is a person skilled in the science of interpretation.

The word exegesis means to draw the meaning out of a given text. It is sometimes contrasted with eisegesis, which means to read one's own interpretation into a given text. In general, exegesis presumes an attempt to view the text objectively, while eisegesis is more subjective.

Although the most known exegeses are from Christian, Jewish and Islamic books, there are analyses on books of other religions.

Table of contents
1 In Christianity
2 In Judaism
3 External link

In Christianity

According to some forms of Christianity, there are two different form of exegesis: revealed and rational. The revealed exegesis considers that the authors were inspired by the Holy Ghost and so their words have a divine revelation. The rational exegesis is based on the idea that the authors have their own inspiration, so their works are conceived by their own intelligence.

Among Roman Catholic centres of biblical exegesis are :

-the School of Jerusalem founded around 1873 with Lagrange o.p. with a lot of difficulties leading to modernist crisis, then stopped its activities around [[New Testament]. Such activity will run again after Vatican II
-and the Biblical Institute of Rome in a more canonical way.

Since more than 100 years, exegesis rose from German Universities such as Tubingen and in USA, the Divinity Schools in Chicago, Harvard and Yale got famous. Nowadays, a lot of secular universities such as EPHE (Ecole pratique des hautes Etudes, France) are concerned with exegesis. See Higher criticism.

One influential book in the field of Protestant Christian exegesis is Methodical Bible Study by Robert A. Traina. It is regarded by many as the standard text describing the inductive approach to interpreting the English language Bible.

Christian translations of the Hebrew Bible, like the Septuaginta and Vulgate, based on Jewish exegesis, are also objects of exegetic studies.

In Judaism

Traditional Jewish forms of exegesis are found in the Midrash literature. This article contains a description of how Jewish exegesis is usually done.

Rabbinic Jewish commentators, exegetes, are known as meforshim (hebrew for "commentators"). See the meforshim article for a discussion of Jewish bible commentary, and a list of imporant commentators.

The Midrash is an exposition of biblical exegesis of the Pentateuch and its paragraphs related to Law, which is also object of analysis. The Halakah is an exegesis of the written Law. The Haggadah is an exegesis of the parts of the Pentateuch not connected with Law.

The Mikra is the exegetical study of the Pentateuch, the Prophets and the Hagiographa, the three divisions of the Old Testament or Jewish Bible. The Masorah is the exegesis that determined the rules and principles that govern the biblical texts. The Talmud was redacted as a result of exegetic studies, and is also object of study and analysis.

Jewish exegesis did not finish with the redaction of the Talmud, but continued during ancient times, the Middle Age, the Renaissance, and is still a subject of study. Jews have centres for exegetic studies around the world, in each community, being this considered an important clue for the understanding of the Scriptures.

External link