If we assemble a deck of 52 playing cards and two jokers, and draw a single card from the deck, then the sample space is a 54-element set, at each individual card is a possible outcome. An event, however, is any subset of the sample space, including any single-element set (an elementary event, of which there are 54, representing the 54 possible cards drawn from the deck), the empty set (which is defined to have probability zero) and the entire set of 54 cards, the sample space itself (which is defined to have probability one). Other events are sets are proper subsets of the sample space that contain multiple elements, for example:

- "A King" (4 elements),
- "A Spade" (13 elements), and
- "A Face card" (12 elements).

A Venn diagram of an event.

By the ratio of their areas, the probability of

In the measure-theoretic description of probability spaces, an event may be defined as an element of the σ-algebra on the sample space. Note, however, that under this definition, any subset of the sample space that is not an element of the σ-algebra is not technically an event, and does not have a probability. Any confusion may be resolved by considering any subset of the sample space to be an event, but only the elements of the σ-algebra to be *events of interest*.