Essanay StudiosEssanay Studios
was a motion picture
company founded in Chicago, Illinois
by George K. Spoor and Gilbert Anderson (Broncho Billy) under the name Essanay (S and A). It produced silent films with such stars as Ben Turpin
, Wallace Beery
, Francis X. Bushman, Gloria Swanson
and Charlie Chaplin
Eventually they followed the rest of the industry and opened the Essanay-West studio in Niles, California. When the Supreme Court of the United States ruled against the MPPC (Motion Picture Patents Company), the Essanay company collapsed and was sold after only ten years in business.